China is the world’s most-populous country, with a population of over 1.3 billion. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres, the East Asian state is the world’s second-largest country by land area, and the third- or fourth-largest in total area, depending on the definition of total area.
The People’s Republic of China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four directly controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). Its capital city is Beijing. The PRC also claims Taiwan—which is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity—as its 23rd province, a claim controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan and the unresolved Chinese Civil War.
The PRC government denies the legitimacy of the ROC. China is one of the countries with the great diversity. There are more than 4,400 species of vertebrates, more than 10 percent of the world’s total.
The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, have their sources in the Tibetan Plateau and continue to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China’s coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometres (9,000 mi) long—the 11th-longest in the world—and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.
Guizhou’s Fanjing Moutains, Fujian’s Wuyi Moutains, Hubei’s Shennongjia, Inner Mongolia’s Xilingol, Xinjiang’s Mr. Bogda, Yunnan’s Xishuangbanna, Juangsu’s Yancheng, Zhejiang’s Tianmu Moutains and Guizhou’s Maolan, have joined the “International People and Biosphere Protection Network.” Heilongjiang’s Zhalong, Jilin’s Xianghai, Hunan’s Dongting Lake, Jiangxi’s Poyang Lake, Qinghai’s Bird Island and Hainan’s Dongzhai Harbor have been included in the listing of the world’s important waterfowl wetlands.
China possesses lots of historical cities and natural sites, such as the historical cities of Beijing, Xi’an, Chengdu, Lhasa, Hangzhou, the natural wonders of Mt. Huangshan,Tibetan plateau, etc.
As an ancient civilization over 5,000 years’ history with 56 ethnic nationalities, China has rich resources in custom, folklore, arts, religion, building, cuisine, science, etc, in addition of the most famous Chinese Kungfu, Taiji, Daoism, Cuisine, Tea, Silk, traditional Chinese medicine ( TMC ) have been learned and welcomed by people many countries.